Biopil, Biotech & Lifesciences division of PIL is setting up a state of the modern art multi product and multi utility Bio-tech.
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Pharmapil aims to help the people to lead healthier lives with specific objectives; delivering affordable and accessible.
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Pochiraju Industries Limited has its floriculture operations as a 100% EOU division cultivating,processing and exporting cut flower .
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- TECHNOLOGY - FOR GREEN HOUSE CULTUVATION

Production of roses for export is carried out in green houses primarily to protect the plants from unfavorable elements such as excessive sunshine, rains, humidity, frost and various pests and diseases. In addition the quality i.e. demanded in export markets can be achieved under controlled conditions.

Roses which are the most important cut flower crop in the world are grown in green houses at high density (7 plants/ sq. mt) and are supplied with precise quantities of water and nutrients. The soil in the green houses is suitably modified with amendments such as gypsum, organic manure, paddy husk etc before the rose plants are planted inside the green houses. There are various types of planting materials available such as dormant eyes, winter grafts, 6 months old bushes and one year bushes. Depending on the planting material the rose plants start producing flowers in 3 to 5months. During this period of 3-5 months the framework of the plant is built up so as to obtain continuous production of quality stems for the next 4-5 years.

There are thousands of varieties of roses available but only a few are grown commercially for cut flower production. Depending on the variety and the method of growing short stem varieties yield up to 350 stems/sq.mt/year, medium stemmed up to 150 to 200 stems/sq.mt/year. Based on the market demand roses can be produced in flushes or continuously through out the year.

The required quantities of water (generally 5-7 liters /sq.mt) are supplied through a drip system. Also calculated quantities of fertilizers are dissolved in water and supplied to the plants through the same drip system from time to time, Plants are protected from various pests and diseases by sprays of fungicides & insecticides.

When the flower stems have completed maturity they are harvested at a bud stage and immediately placed in water containing preservative. The flowers are pre cooled at temperature of 6 - 8 degrees centigrade for 5 to 6 hours, which prevent them from any further opening. Later they are graded based on the stem length and bunched into bunches of either tens or twenties depending on the market requirement. Bunches are stored at 2 degree centigrade in water until they are exported to overseas markets. In order to maintain the cold chain the flowers are transported by air at a temperature of 5 -10 degree centigrade. These roses upon reaching various overseas markets or either sold in the auctions or to whole sales and retailers which ultimately reaches the consumer where they are used for various purposes such as flower bouquets, flower arrangements, wretches or simply into flower vases.

All this activities are carried by skilled labour under the guidance of supervisors and Production Manager.

 
 
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